Compare and contrast functionalist and marxist role of education in society

Functionalism is based on consensus whereas Marxism is based on the notion of conflict. Marxism, on the other hand, accepts conflict and the arising social problems. Everything within society is caused by something else.

Functionalism fails to recognise social change, contrasting to Marxism which recognises and aspires to it. Functionalists look at how individuals are socialised in order to understand society. Marxism is inherently pessimistic about the ability of a capitalist society to improve whereas Durkheim believed that modern society could resolve it's own problems.

Although functionalism was not a dominant theoretical perspective in sociology until the s and s, it first emerged during the 19th Century. However, Marxism is based on economic factors whereas functionalism emphasises the importance of socialisation, shared culture and value consensus.

Functionalism provided a static view of society.

Comparison of Marxism and Functionalism

Here functionalists study and examine the various institutions, their relationships and the effect which they have on the whole of society.

Both the functionalist and the Marxist perspectives place emphasis on society as something which influence an individual as opposed to the interpretivists or social action perspective put forward by Weber. Functionalism relies on social stratification.

5) Assessing Functionalist and Marxist Perspectives

They reify society suggesting that it moves under its own force, it is not reliant on humanity. The major frictions are between the forces and the relations of production.

We see that functionalists believe that the majority of the population must share the same values for there to be integration and so social solidarity, this leading to an order in society, where every action becomes predictable due to the five elements mentioned above.

There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Differences Marxists see society as having a material structure and emphasises economic determinism whereas functionalism sees society as based on shared culture and emphasises cultural determinism.

The ruling class would no longer exploit or oppress the workers. It believes in the power of the institutions to socialise its members so well that deviance is rare. In Marxism, the lower classes are exploited because they can be.

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The perspective tries to understand how to overcome societies problems by looking back over history and learning from past mistakes. They both believe in a structure, something external, which influences people and makes them behave in a certain way and they both generalise, dividing society into groups rather than focusing on the individual.

In fact, value consensus is the fifth element of functionalism. Functionalism fails to recognise social change, contrasting to Marxism which recognises and aspires to it. Marxism relates class not to income or family like functionalism does, instead it is measured on how much land, machinery However, Functionalists believe that culture is a means of institutionalising people into the shared norms and values.

Man needs to produce food, materials, etc However, Marxism is based on economic factors whereas functionalism emphasises the importance of socialisation, shared culture and value consensus.

From a Marxist view, the force of production is the collective term for all things needed for production. Although functionalism was not a dominant theoretical perspective in sociology until the s and s, it first emerged during the 19th Century.

Marx believed all historical societies contain basic contradictions: Overall comparison The most important thing to note is that both theories are macro-structural perspectives that hold a deterministic view of society. The two main stems of sociological concepts are Positivism and Phenomenology.

There are five main elements which outline the views of functionalism and tell us exactly what functionalists believe. The ruling class would no longer exploit or oppress the workers.

The ruling class produces the dominant ideas in society. Functionalism sees this as a positive and inevitable aspect of society. Overall comparison The most important thing to note is that both theories are macro-structural perspectives that hold a deterministic view of society. Functionalist, Talcott Parsons set out four functional prerequisites essential for society: Marxism became increasingly influential due to; the decline in functionalism, its promise to provide answers which functionalism did not and its mood reflected that of the times.

Their domination relies heavily on the exploitation and oppression of others. The apparent differences between the Marxist and Functionalist perspectives are not as conflicting as it would first appear. A society that would have complete equality.

It seeks to discover the causes and affects of intercommunication and interaction that arise in social relations. Apr 23,  · Similarities between Marxist and Functionalist Perspectives: Both think schools help legitimize social inequality Both are "macro" theories, so they look at the effect of education in the context of the rest of society, it can determine the rest of society with beliefs, values and skills.

Both see education serving the needs of the workplace Both see education. Compare and Contrast Functionalism and Marxism; Compare and Contrast Functionalism and Marxism Essay Sample.

Therefore every part of the institutions of society, such as: the family, education, the media and the economy, must be studied in great detail if one is to fully understand it. Functionalism also mentions the importance of. A Comparison of Marxist and Functionalist Views on Society Compare and contrast the Marxist and functionalist interpretations of education in society.

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The role of education is to educate individuals within society and to prepare them for working life in the economy. compare and contrast the functionalist and marxist views on education (20 marks) The role of education is to educate individuals within society and to prepare them for working life, also to integrate individuals and teach them the norms, values and roles within society.

Functionalist and Marxist Perspectives on Education: What’s the Difference?

Compare and Contrast Functionalism and Marxism Essay Sample

Posted on October 11, by Karl Thompson Functionalists have a very general analysis of the role of education in society, simply looking at how it contributes to the maintenance of social order, whereas Marxists analyse the role of education by focusing on how it.

compare and contrast the functionalist and marxist views on education (20 marks) The role of education is to educate individuals within society and to prepare them for working life, also to integrate individuals and teach them the norms, values and roles within society.

Compare and contrast functionalist and marxist role of education in society
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Comparison of Marxism and Functionalism - Compare and contrast table in A Level and IB Sociology